||Culture and Heritage
NGADJURI NATION ABORIGINAL CORPORATION
THE LETTERS PATENT - FOUNDING DOCUMENT OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA
In 1836, the King of the British Empire (King William IV) enshrined into law the "Letters Patent", the founding document that established the state of South Australia. The King's "Letters Patent" also granted Aboriginal people the legal right to occupy and enjoy their land for always, enshrined in law by the King's seal. The first ever Aboriginal rights granted in Australia's colonial history. Rights to the land, to occupy and enjoy their land for always. But these rights were ignored by the Colonial Commissioners and colonists. Aboriginal rights in the Letters Patent are still enshrined in law today.
The Letters Patent Proviso states (Rights granted to Aboriginal people in the King’s Letters Patent, the founding document that established South Australia) : ..."Provided always that nothing in those our Letters Patent contained shall affect or be construed to affect the rights of any Aboriginal Natives of the said province to the actual occupation or enjoyment in their own persons or in the persons of their descendants of any lands there in now actually occupied or enjoyed by such natives".
Ngadjuri elders - Vincent Branson and Quenten Agius, seen in the film "King's Seal" - discussing being fenced out of their country - even though South Australia's Founding document the "Letters Patent" granted all Aboriginal people in SA rights to occupy and enjoy their land.
BARNY WARIA (WARRIOR)
An initiated Ngadjuri elder, Barney Waria (Warrior) had great knowledge of Ngadjuri traditional culture, language, customs, technology and lifestyle. Barney was born at Orroroo in Ngadjuri Country in 1873. He was a gararu moiety man whose ‘totem’ was wudlaru (curlew) and wada (rat, probably stick nest rat). His name Waria, means second child born, male, a birth order name recorded as warretya in the Ngadjuri language. Barney was also known as Gunaia and by his initiated name Ngadjlibuna. He left an invaluable legacy, as well as passing down his knowledge to his grand children, he also passed down his knowledge to anthroplogists, Norman Tindale, Ronald Berndt and Charles Mountford.